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2019年6月上海高考英語試題及點評集錦

發布時間:2019-06-12 作者:昂立外語 來源于:昂立外語網站
  

I. listening Comprehension

Section A

Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers.

At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The

 conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conve-

rsation and a question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper and

decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard.

 

 

 

1.­­

M: Is there a new bookstore on Fuzhou Road?

W: Yes, its got very good novels of the 20th century.

Q: What are the speakers mainly talking about

 

2.

W: Mike, are you OK?

M: I injured my back yesterday just by sneezing. My doctor said I need surgery.

Q: What can be learnt about the man?

 

3.

M: Which team are you going to support?

W: You are not going to talk about football again, are you? Thats it.

Q: How does the woman feel about discussing football?

 

4.

M: Mary is not in the company. Has she returned from Xian yet?

W: Yes, but before she went to Chengdu yesterday, she had been home for only

one day.

Q: Where is Mary now

 

5.

M: What? Steven is drinking orange juice.

W: You cant believe it. Now he is careful about what he eats and takes regular

exercise.

Q: What does the woman imply about Steven?

 

6.

M: Ive moved the flower into the garden and water it every day. How come it

is still not doing well?

W: Well, why not add some fertilizer. Maybe that will help.

Q: According to the woman, what may the flower need?

 

7.

M: Wow, you won the first prize in the writing contest. You havent taken any

courses on reading and writing.

W: But I have been keeping a diary since childhood.

Q: According to the woman, what helped her win the contest?

 

8.

M: You like tennis so much. Why not take some lessons? They start next week.

W: How am I going to fit that into my crowed schedule?

Q: What does the woman mean?

 

9.

W: Walk to the park? You must be kidding. It takes only five minutes to drive

there.

M: If I had remembered to charge my car.

Q: What can be learnt about the man?

 

10.

W: Youve been dealing with that budget report for nearly an hour. Anything

wrong?

M: I keep adding and reading the numbers, but they just dont balance.

Q: What is the man doing?

 

 

短對話點評:

 

今年的短對話,難度穩定,沒有偏難的題目。同學們只要掌握好短對話做題原則且勤加練習,

一定會提高聽力分數。

 

原則一:把握關鍵詞

本次考試的第12810題大家可以根據關鍵詞bookstoresurgerycrowed schedule

budget report,和adding and reading找到提示。

 

原則二:注意說話語氣

比如3題的“Thats it!”體現了女士對足球不耐煩的語氣。

 

原則三:把握好“建議”信號

一般當耳朵聽到why not基本就是正確答案的標志了,如本次試題第6題的“why not add

some fertilizer”再結合關鍵詞“fertilizer”,很容易判斷出答案。

 

原則四:推斷言外之意

有的時候講話不用說的很直白,需要推斷言外之意是什麽。這種推斷往往有明顯的提示。比

如第4題,“昨天去成都之前,只在家呆了一天”,可以推斷言外之意是Mary此刻可能正在

家中或者在成都。本題也可以倒推,不在西安和公司,用排除法也可以幫助解題。

 

原則五:虛擬語氣

這個考點幾乎每年都會涉及。第9題“If I had remembered to charge my car”使用的

就是虛擬語氣,“如果我記得充電的話”用到了虛擬語氣,那麽事實是車沒有充電,不能

車過去,要步行。

 

同學們平時練習聽力的時候要注意多結合技巧,就一定會事半功倍。

 

Section B

Directions: In Section B, you will hear two passages and one longer conversation.

 After each passage or conversation you will be asked several questions, the pass-

ages and the conversation will be read twice, but questions will be spoken only

once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper

and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard.

 

Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following talk.

 

    Its common for you, nonfiction writers, to go forth into an area you know

little about. You may worry that you're not qualified to bring the story back. I

feel that anxiety every time I start a new project. I felt it when I went to Bra-

denton to write my baseball book spring training. Although I've been a baseb-

all fan all my life, I have never done any sports reporting, never interviewed

a professional athlete. Any of the men I approached with a notebook could

have asked, What else have you written about baseball? But nobody did.

They didnt ask because I was sincere. It was obvious to those men that I

really wanted to know how they did their work. Remember this when you

enter a new area and need a shot of confidence. What matters is how you

do it. Also remember that your assignment may not be as narrow as you

think. Often it will turn out to touch some unexpected corner of your expe-

rience or your education, enabling you to broaden the story with strength

of your own. Every such reduction of the unfamiliar will reduce your fear.

 

Questions:

11. According to the speaker, when may nonfiction writers feel worried?

12. Why did nobody in Bradenton care about what the speaker had writt-

en before?

13. According to the speaker, how does nonfiction writers experience

or education benefit them?

 

 

點評:

 

聽力的第一篇選擇了記敘文,以作者的視角介紹了非小說類作家的經曆和感悟。本題

的難度較低,考查了細節的聽辨(時間、原因和方法)和對文章的理解。聽清問題的

疑問詞並且把握住關鍵詞“a new project”、“sincere”和“strength of your

own”基本上就能選擇正確了。

14. 答案參考原文出處:“Its common for you, nonfiction writers, to go f-

orth into an area you know little about. You may worry that you're not q-

ualified to bring the story back. I feel that anxiety every time I start a new

project.

15. 答案參考原文出處:“They didnt ask because I was sincere.

16.答案參考原文出處:“Often it will turn out to touch some unexpected

corner of your experience or your education, enabling you to broaden

the story with strength of your own.

 

 

 

Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following talk.

 

The accepted definition of creativity is production of something original

and useful, and it is commonly thought that creativity occurs on the right

side of the brain, and the arts play an important role in enhancing it. But

 according to a new research, creativity isnt about freedom from conc-

rete facts.

Rather, fact-finding is vital in the creative process. It's the result of both

sides of your brain working together. To understand this, we need to ta-

ke a look at what leads to creativity. When you try to solve a problem, y-

ou begin by concentrating on obvious facts and familiar solutions to see

 if the answer lies there. This is done mostly by the left side. However, if

the answer doesn't come, the right and left sides of the brain activate

together. The right side scans remote memories that could be vaguely

relevant.

A wide range of distant information that is normally ignored becomes a-

vailable to the left side. Then the left side catches whatever connection

it may have with the problem, and quickly locks in on it before it escapes.

With extremely focused attention, the brain quickly pulls together these

pieces of thought and combines them into a new single idea, as the brain

recognizes the originality of what it has come up with, a sense of pleasure

will arise.

 

Questions:

14. What do people commonly think of creativity?

15. According to the passage, how does the left side of the brain contribute

to creative process?

16. What is the passage mainly about?

 

點評:

 

本篇聽力選材屬于心理認知類,較爲常見,建議同學們平時多涉獵心理類或認知類

的文章,特別是有關于這兩個方面的最近研究或者新的研究觀點等。從聽力角度來

說,本篇短文詞彙的選擇較難,不是特別容易聽懂,所以同學們平時需要提高對較

難水平單詞的發音的敏感度,有助于聽力水平的提升。

14題:本題屬于較爲基礎水平的題,文章開篇“The accepted definition of

creativity is……”緊接著的句子也是比較容易聽懂的內容,作者講了一般人們認

爲:1,創造性思維屬于原創性思維。2,發生于右腦。3,藝術可以加強創造性思

維。所以第14題要選擇符合這三個方面的選項。

15題:本題屬于聽力細節題,考查對文章某個細節內容的理解。本題需要聽懂

左腦對創造性思維的作用。“When you try to solve a problem, you begin

by concentrating on obvious facts and familiar solutions to see if the

answer lies there. This is done mostly by the left side.”這裏講述了左腦

爲我們提供facts and familiar solutions的功能;另外“A wide range of

distant information that is normally ignored becomes available to the

 left side.”提及左腦可以提供那些容易被我們忽略或遺忘的信息。因此第15

的答案應鎖定在以上所述左腦的作用。

16題:本題屬于聽力主旨大意題,考查對整篇文章大意的理解和概括,本文

主要講述了創造性思維的本質,以及在産生創造性思維的過程中,左右腦的功

能和特性。

 

 

 

Questions 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation.

 

W: Hello, Peter. I heard you worked in a remote village last month.

M: Yes, as a volunteer teaching in a primary school in southeastern China.

W: A good choice for the summer vacation.

M: For me, it is not only a choice, but a responsibility.

W: Youre right. What can a volunteer generally do?

M: Many things, like creating a change in the surroundings, providing

shelter and food to the needy ones.

W: So you mean volunteering is not just donating cash or things

M: RightWe prefer to call that charity.

W: How did you come up with the idea of volunteering?

M: It was my father. He used to supervise a volunteer program in a

non-profit art gallery.

W: Was it a full-time job for him?

M: No, in fact, a part time job. He went to the gallery nearly every

weekend.

W: Wow, this requires great passion.

M: Sure. The best way to volunteer is to get involved in activities we

are passionate about.

W: Have you had any difficulties as a volunteer?

M: Definitely! Lack of respect, acknowledgement, and lack of funds

now and then.

W: Oh, my! Many obstacles!

M: So the most important spirit is perseverance.

W: Id like to join you someday.

M: Any time.

 

Questions

17. What are the two speakers mainly talking about?

18. What volunteer service did the mans father do?

19. What does the man think is the best way to volunteer?

20. According to the man, which of the following is the most important

for a volunteer?

 

 

點評:

今年聽力長對話音頻清晰,話題是我們熟悉的,詞彙語法難度適中,和平時我

們練習的感覺相似。 接下來我們看一下長對話的解答技巧和簡評一下這次的

長對話。

首先,話題屬于志願者活動及其相關內容。一如既往地長對話套路是一問一

答,話多的一方說的內容其實就是答案出處及細節點,同學們要仔細辨別。

另外在做題之前我們還可以做的有根據四道題目的選項預判可能出的題幹內

容。一般長對話出題套路爲主旨題,客觀事實細節題,主角態度判斷題以及

主角的相關觀點題,因此大家在聽聽力時一定要盡量聽清楚觀點的關鍵詞。

好在我們幸運地有兩次聽力機會,因此建議大家盡量第一遍聽出大致內容,

甚至可以完成第一道題目主旨題,第二遍聽的時候可以檢查主旨題以及其

他細節的強化。本篇的細節題問the mans father 曾經做過什麽樣的

volunteer service。定位至原文He used to supervise a volunteer

program in a non-profit art gallery. 緊接著作者道出了the best

way to volunteer is to get involved in activities we are passi-

onate about. 最後提出the most important spirit is perseverance.

 這幾題答案都非常明顯,主旨題也不言而喻了,volunteer experience

 

II. Grammar and Vocabulary

Section A

Directions: After reading the passage below, fill in the blanks to

make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the

blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form

of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best

fits each blank.

(根據學生回憶查找)

 

In what is one of the most breath-taking sights of nature, mil-

lions of Oliver Ridley baby turtles broke out of their eggshells

under the sand at one of their mass nesting ground in Coastal

Orissa, India. After emerging from the nests in the Rushikylya

river mouth, in the southern district of Ganjam, some 174 kil-

ometers form Bhubanesshwar, the hatchings start their journey

towards the Bay of Bengal.

Orissa is the home three mass nesting sites of the endangered

Oliver turtles, namely Nasi island of Gahirmatha beach in Ken-

drapada district, Devi river mouth in Puri district and Rushikulya

river mouth.

Gahirmatha is considered one of the worlds largest nesting sites

 which around 70 to 80 million turtles lay at least 120-150 eggs in

one go. Hatchings emerge from eggs after about 40 to 60 days. It

 is believed that the Oliver turtles return to the same beach to nest

where they were themselves hatched.

At least 52 villagers and forest guards protect the baby turtles. In

the recent times, sea erosion has led to many turtlesnest being

damaged. Predators like dogs, jackals and birds take their toll on t

he nesting turtles. Mechanized trawlers along the coast also play a

role in the massacre of thousands of these omnivorous sea turtles.

Like tigers and elephants, the Oliver Ridley turtle is protected under

schedule 1 of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. They should be pro-

tected at any cost. Operation Mohanty has been coordinating the

operation for the conservation of these turtles.

        Each year, from December to April, Gahirmatha plays host to hundreds

and thousands of females Olive Ridley turtles. These turtles lay their eggs

on the same beach where they were born. Turtles always return to the same

nesting site year after year, even if they migrate thousands of kilometers.

This particular phenomenon has baffled scientists for years now and no one

 has any clue as to why they do so.

 

考生回憶版答案(非官方):what, as soon as, that, where, threatened, are

deposited, themselves; being damaged, by, have reduced. (感謝該考生提供的答案)

 

 

 

解析及點評:

 

In what is one of the most breath-taking sights of nature, millions of

Oliver Ridley baby turtles broke out of their eggshells under the sand

at one of their mass nesting ground in Coastal Orissa, India. After

emerging from the nests in the Rushikylya river mouth, in the southern

 district of Ganjam, some 174 kilometers form Bhubanesshwar, the

 hatchings start their journey towards the Bay of Bengal.

         在這個最令人歎爲觀止的自然景觀中,數以百萬計的奧利弗·裏德利幼龜在印度

沿海奧裏薩邦的一個大型築巢地從沙子下的蛋殼裏鑽了出來。從甘賈姆南部地區的

Rushikilyya河口(距離Bhubanesshwar174公裏)的巢穴中出來後,這些孵

化幼龜開始向孟加拉灣進發。

       Orissa is the home three mass nesting sites of the endangered

 Oliver turtles, namely Nasi island of Gahirmatha beach in Kendrapada

district, Devi river mouth in Puri district and Rushikulya river mouth.

奧裏薩島是瀕臨滅絕的奧利弗海龜的三個大規模築巢地,分別是肯德拉帕達區

蓋爾馬塔海灘納西島、普裏區德維河口和拉什庫裏亞河口。

    Gahirmatha is considered one of the worlds largest nesting sites

which around 70 to 80 million turtles lay at least 120-150 eggs in one

go. Hatchings emerge from eggs after about 40 to 60 days. It is belie-

ved that the Oliver turtles return to the same beach to nest where they

 were themselves hatched.

    蓋爾馬塔被認爲是世界上最大的築巢地之一,大約有七千萬到八千萬只海龜一

次至少産下120150個蛋。約4060天後,卵孵化出來。人們認爲奧利弗海龜

會回到它們自己被孵化的海灘築巢。

At least 52 villagers and forest guards protect the baby turtles. In

 the recent times, sea erosion has led to many turtles nest being

damaged. Predators like dogs, jackals and birds take their toll on

the nesting turtles. Mechanized trawlers along the coast also play

 a role in the massacre of thousands of these omnivorous sea turtles.

    至少52名村民和護林員保護小海龜。近來,海蝕導致許多海龜的巢穴遭到破壞。

像狗、豺和鳥這樣的掠食者會爲築巢的海龜付出代價。沿海的機械化拖網漁船也在

屠殺數千只雜食海龜中也起到了推波助瀾的作用。

Like tigers and elephants, the Oliver Ridley turtle is protected under

 schedule 1 of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. They should be pro-

tected at any cost. Operation Mohanty has been coordinating the

operation for the conservation of these turtles.

與老虎和大象一樣,奧利弗·裏德利海龜也受到1972年《野生動物保護法》附

1的保護。他們應該不惜任何代價得到保護。莫漢蒂行動一直在協調保護這

些海龜的行動。

          Each year, from December to April, Gahirmatha plays host to hun-

dreds and thousands of females Olive Ridley turtles. These turtles lay

their eggs on the same beach where they were born. Turtles always return

 to the same nesting site year after year, even if they migrate thousands

 of kilometers. This particular phenomenon has baffled scientists for years

 now and no one has any clue as to why they do so.

          每年,從12月到4月,蓋爾馬薩都要接待數以萬計的雌性奧利弗·裏德利海龜。

這些海龜在他們出生的同一個海灘上産卵。海龜總是年複一年地回到同一個築巢地

點,即使它們遷移了數千公裏。這種特殊的現象多年來一直困擾著科學家,沒有人

知道他們爲什麽這樣做。

 

 

雖然沒有完整的試卷,但通過熱心考生提供的答案,我們能夠發現本次高考題

所涉及到的高考語法點。

 

1.    名詞性從句(what是名詞性從句的連接詞)

2.    時間狀語從句的連接詞(as soon as

3.    強調句(it +be+被強調部分+that+句子主幹)

4.    定語從句(where

5.    非謂語(threatened, being damaged

6.    介詞(by

7.    時態和被動語態(have reduced, are deposited

8.    反身代詞(themselves

 

    謹總結以上知識點,給馬上准備新一輪的高考學子做參考。

    其實學過昂立高考語法課程的學生不難看出,這些知識點我們在課堂上都有詳細

講解過並不斷強調過的。

    本篇文章是屬于自然史地類的文章題材,在昂立高考讀寫的第一章我們就遇到過

一篇非常相似的文章。自然史地類文章對學生來說會相對比較難,因爲其所講內容

不能在學生腦海裏形成強烈共鳴,小昂認爲這也是大家覺得本次語篇填空題比較難

的原因所在。但回到高考語法的知識點上,其實本篇文章是很靈活地考查了學生對

英語語法的綜合掌握和應用程度。

    因此,小昂給各位即將備考高考的學生提出一個非常誠懇的建議:大家遇到陌生

主題的文章不要慌,一定要沉著冷靜地分析題目是想考哪個知識點,再根據文章前

後文和上下句的邏輯關系進行辨別,小昂相信如果大家按照這樣的方法做題,那麽

語篇填空對你來說就是小case

 

 

Section B

Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the

box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word m-

ore than you need.

(學生回憶版)       

 

 

A. comprehensively B. naturally C. focus      D. moderate     E. distraction 

 F. counting      G. worsening              H. performing      I. modified       

  J. determined    K. environmental

Myopia, or short-sightedness, is a condition in which distant objects

 appear blurred, but closer objects can usually be seen in sharp focus.

Its biological basis is an eye that, during childhood, has grown too long

for its optical power. The focal plane for images of distant objects ends

up in front of the retina, causing out-of-focus perception.

Fortunately, mild to moderate levels of myopia can be readily modified

with spectacles, contact lenses or laser surgery, which flattens the front

 of the eye.

But prevention is better than correcting the optical defocus. Fortunately,

 spending more time outdoors may decrease children's chances of deve-

loping myopia.

       Finding the cause

       Myopia was once regarded as almost totally genetically determined. But its

prevalence has increased spectacularly in urban mainland China, Hong Kong,

Taiwan, Singapore, Japan and South Korea, where 80- 90% of those completing

high school are now short-sighted. This is up from 20-30% only two generations

ago.

       Since gene pools do not change that fast, these massive changes must be

due to environmental change.

       In 2005, we comprehensively reviewed the research on myopia and found a

correlation with education. (This was not a particularly novel insight; such a link

was postulated as far back as Kepler in 1604.) We found locations with a high p-

revalence of myopia were all top performers in surveys of international educati-

onal outcomes.

       Fortunately, not all high performing locations, Australia among them, show-

ed a high prevalence of myopia. This shows that high educational outcomes do

not necessarily lead to myopia.

       We also hypothesised that all human population groups had a tendency to

develop myopia under particular environmental conditions. Indeed, Australia has

 naturally low level of myopia with a lifestyle that emphasizes outdoor activities.

 Young children report spending two to three hours a day outside, not counting

time outdoors at school. However, there are formidable barrier to achieving this b

enchmark in locations where spending time outdoors is seen as a distraction from

study.

       Policy responses must therefore also aim to slow the progression my myopia,

 the phenomenon in which mild to moderate myopia becomes more severe during

childhood. There is currently controversy over whether time outdoors slows prog-

ression, but strong seasonal effects on progression suggest that it may.

       School regimes which give a sufficient place to time outdoors may reduce both

the onset and progression of myopia. These school-based interventions will need

to be supplemented by clinical interventions, such as the use of atropine eye drops.

 

原文:We can prevent an epidemic of short-sighted kids with more time outdoors
時間:2015.7.21

作者:Ian Morgan, Australian National University; Kathryn Rose, University of Tech-

nology Sydney

 

 

解析及點評:

 

Step1: 我先把待選項的詞性都標注好

A.comprehensively  adv.    B.naturally  adv.     C.focus n./v.        D.moderate adj.

E.distraction  n.     F. counting  n./v.     G.worsening v./adj.    H.performing  n/.v.

I.modified  v./adj.           J.determined v./adj.   K.environmental  adj.

Step 2:通讀全文,邊預讀邊判斷待填空詞性。

通讀全文我們發現文章主要是關于青少年的近視 vs.增加戶外活動時間,以預防近視的現象

調查分析文。和我們的學生生活還是很貼近的。

31.Cfocus.第一段開門見山提出全文關鍵詞myopia並用or並列連詞做解釋,什麽是

myopia?即short-sightedness近視。近視就是遠距離的物體看起來模糊,而近距離的

物體看著(推測)-清晰。focus除了常見的“焦點,聚焦”外,還有“清晰”之意。

32.Imodified. 輕度到中度的近視可以通過帶眼睛spectaclescontact lenses隱形

眼鏡,laser surgery激光手術,推測待填空有調節,改善,緩解之意。modify修改,更

改。

33.Jdetermined. 近視一度被視作完全與genetically遺傳學,基因有關。下文since

 gene pools do not change that fast進一步佐證近視被認爲是遺傳下來的,是天生的。

34.Kenvironmental. 上文說中國大陸,香港,台灣等地區的完成高中學業的人近視

達到80%-90%,比前兩代多了20%-30%Since gene pools do not change that fast

由于基因變化沒那麽快,那麽這個變化只能是來自外部的。environmental環境的,周圍的。

35.Acomprehensively. 這空很明顯填adv., 不是A就是Bwe reviewed the research

顯然缺一個表方式的副詞,怎樣地回顧?全面的綜合的回顧發現近視和教育有關。提出討論主

議題。

36.Hperforming. 這裏的high-performing對應了上文的top performers.

上文we found locations with a high prevalence of myopia were all top performers

in surveys of international educational outcomes.分析長句。主句we found (that)

locations were all top performers in survey. 我們發現,(高度近視的)地區在國際教育

成果調查中都是表現最好的。with a high prevalence of myopia定語修飾locations,

樣的地區。

Not all locations showed a high prevalence of myopia.不是所有高績效地區(包括澳

大利亞)都是高度近視地區。後文do not necessarily lead to myopia在一次證明。

37.Bnaturally. 結合上文,不是所有高績效地區都是高度近視地區其中就特地列舉了澳

大利亞。從技術上分析Australia has low level of myopia是一個完整句子,在low的前面

缺一個adv.,怎樣地低近視度?只剩naturally一個副詞。從後文修飾語看with a lifestyle

 that emphasizes outdoor activities戶外活動的生活方式導致他們近視度不高。

38.Fcounting. 承接上文小朋友們一天在戶外活動2-3小時,還不包括上學時間的戶外

活動。

39.Edistraction. 承接上文there are formidable barrier to achieving this bench

mark in locations想要在以上提到的高績效地區實現長時間戶外活動有巨大的障礙。爲什麽

呢?locations where spending time outdoors 被看做浪費時間,耽誤學習,distraction

 from study分散學習注意力。

40.Dmoderate. 應對政策也必須旨在減緩近視發展the phenomenon in which mild

to moderate myopia becomes more severe during childhood.近視現象(在兒童期輕

度到中度近視)變得更加嚴重。對應第二段mild to moderate levels of myopia.

 

III. Reading Comprehension

Section A

Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked

A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

(學生回憶版)       

 

Were told that writing is dying. Typing on keyboards and screens dominates

 written communication today. Even scribing a signature has become rarer due

to the prevalence of chip-and-pin credit cards.

In an age where our children swipe, pinch and tap on smart phones and tablets

from birth, is the hand in handwriting about to be removed forever? And

 are there benefits to good old-fashioned pen and paper: artistic posterity cog-

nitive benefits or something else?

Pen decline

Learning cursive, joined-up handwriting was once compulsory in schools. But now,

 not so much. Countries such as Finland have dropped joined up handwriting les-

sons in schools in favor of typing courses and in the US, the requirement to learn

cursive has been left out of core standards since 2013. A few US states still place

value on formative cursive education, such as Arizona, but theyve not majority.

Some experts point out that writing lessons can have indirect benefits. Anne Tr-

ubek, author of The History and Uncertain Future of Handwriting, argues that such

lessons can reinforce a skill called automaticity. Thats when youve perfected a

task, and can do it almost without thinking, granting you extra mental bandwidth

to think about or do other things while youre doing the task. In this sense, Trubek

 likens handwriting to driving.

Once you have driven for a while, you dont consciously think Step on gas now

 or Turn the steering wheel a bit, she explains. You just do it.

           Thats what we want children to acquire when leaning to write. You and I dont

 think now make a loop going up for the I or now look for the better.

Trubek has written many essays and books on handwriting, and she doesnt believe it

will die out for a very long time, if ever. But she believes students are learning aut-

omaticity faster with keyboards than with handwriting. Students are learning how to t-

ype without looking at the keys at earlier ages, and to type faster than they could write,

granting them extra time to think about a word choice or sentence structure.

            In a piece penned (if youll pardon the expression) for the New York Times last

year, Trubek argued that due to the improved automaticity of keyboards, todays chil-

dren may well become better communication in text as handwriting takes up less of their

education. This is a view that has attracted both criticism and support.

She explains that two of the most common arguments she hears from detractors re-

garding the decline of handwriting is that not protecting it will result in a loss of

history and a loss of personal touch.

On the former she counters that 95% of handwritten manuscripts cant be read by

the average person anyway-thats why we have paleographers, she explains,

 paleography being the study of ancient styles of writing- while the latter refers to

 the warm associations we give to handwritten personal notes, such as thank-you

 cards.

what it signals is that someone took time; that is a more labor-intensive, and t

herefore meaningful communication, says Trubek. I counter that there are lots

of ways to show we care and take time to do so- send a batch of cookies, say, if

your cursive isnt good

 

來自BBC的一篇新聞“ the uncertain future of handwriting.

 

 

點評:

 

 該篇爲議論文,開頭第一段”Were told that writing is dying. Typing on keyboards and

screens dominates written communication today. Even scribing a signature has become

 rarer due to the prevalence of chip-and-pin credit cards.” 引入論點,然後主要通過引用

Trubek的一些相關觀點展開論述探討,並引出人們對于”書寫的未來”所持的觀點不一。縱觀近

幾年上海高中英語試題的出題動向,同學們平時要注重多閱讀外刊或者外國著名網站的新聞報道,

擴展一些新單詞詞組,培養英語思維和英語語感。

 

 

Section B

Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or

unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the

 one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have read.

(學生回憶版)       

A

 

                        The Work You Do, the Person You Are

The pleasure of being necessary to my parents was profound. I was not like the

children in folktales: burdensome mouths to feed.

 

All I had to do for the two dollars was clean her house for a few hours after

 school. It was a beautiful house, too, with a plastic-covered sofa and chairs,

 wall-to-wall blue-and-white carpeting, a white enamel stove, a washing

machine and a dryerthings that were common in her neighborhood,

absent in mine. In the middle of the war, she had butter, sugar, steaks,

and seam-up-the-back stockings.

I knew how to scrub floors on my knees and how to wash clothes in our

zinc tub, but I had never seen a hoover vacuum cleaner or an iron that

wasnt heated by fire.

Part of my pride in working for her was earning money I could squander:

 on movies, candy, paddle balls, jacks, ice-cream cones. But a larger part

 of my pride was based on the fact that I gave half my wages to my mother,

which meant that some of my earnings were used for real thingsan

insurance-policy payment or what was owed to the milkman or the iceman.

The pleasure of being necessary to my parents was profound. I was not like

 the children in folktales: burdensome mouths to feed, nuisances to be

corrected, problems so severe that they were abandoned to the forest.

I had a status that doing routine chores in my house did not provideand

it earned me a slow smile, an approving nod from an adult. Confirmations

that I was adult like, not childlike.

In those days, the forties, children were not just loved or liked; they were

needed. They could earn money; they could care for children younger than

themselves; they could work the farm, take care of the herd, run errands,

and much more. I suspect that children arent needed in that way now.

They are loved, doted on, protected, and helped. Fine, and yet . . .

Little by little, I got better at cleaning her housegood enough to be

given more to do, much more. I was ordered to carry bookcases upstairs

and, once, to move a piano from one side of a room to the other. I fell

carrying the bookcases. And after pushing the piano my arms and legs

hurt so badly. I wanted to refuse, or at least to complain, but I was afraid

she would fire me, and I would lose the freedom the dollar gave me, as

well as the standing I had at homealthough both were slowly being

eroded. She began to offer me her clothes, for a price. Impressed by

these worn things, which looked simply gorgeous to a little girl who

 had only two dresses to wear to school, I bought a few. Until my mother

asked me if I really wanted to work for castoffs. So I learned to say No,

 thank you to a faded sweater offered for a quarter of a weeks pay.

Still, I had trouble summoning the courage to discuss or object to the

increasing demands she made. And I knew that if I told my mother how

 unhappy I was she would tell me to quit. Then one day, alone in the

 kitchen with my father, I let drop a few whines about the job. I gave him

details, examples of what troubled me, yet although he listened intently,

I saw no sympathy in his eyes. No Oh, you poor little thing. Perhaps

 he understood that what I wanted was a solution to the job, not an escape

 from it. In any case, he put down his cup of coffee and said, Listen. You

 dont live there. You live here. With your people. Go to work. Get your

 money. And come on home.

That was what he said. This was what I heard:

1. Whatever the work is, do it wellnot for the boss but for yourself.

2. You make the job; it doesnt make you.

3. Your real life is with us, your family.

4. You are not the work you do; you are the person you are.

I have worked for all sorts of people since then, geniuses and morons,

quick-witted and dull, bighearted and narrow. Ive had many kinds of

jobs, but since that conversation with my father I have never considered

the level of labor to be the measure of myself, and I have never placed

the security of a job above the value of home. 

文章來源:本文是 Toni Morrison2017529號發表在《紐約客》(The New

Yorker)上的一篇文章。

 

點評:

 

近年來,高考的很多閱讀都取材于外刊,所以大家平時要多關注外刊閱讀,爲考

試做積累。

本文題材較爲常見,主要是作者對生活中一些事情的描述以及自己的感受,文章

本身語言點也不是很難,所以學生應該能夠比較容易讀懂文章大意。

文章第一部分爲引入,告訴讀者,爲了得到兩美元,作者需要做的事情以及對主

人家裏的一些描述。從這部分,我們能夠大概了解到作者家裏和主人家境況的懸

殊。

文章第二部分,作者講了這項工作的酬勞帶給他的自豪感:既能買自己喜歡的東西,

又能貼補家用,獲得父母的肯定。作者還對比了那個年代孩子們的被需要和現在孩

子們的被寵愛。

文章第三部分,作者描述了隨著她對工作的娴熟,主人派發給她更多更難的工作,這

使得她開始有些力不從心。但是她沒有向家裏抱怨,還是堅持工作。

文章第四部分,作者終于對父親敞開心扉,談了她在工作中遇到的困難和她的困惑。

父親的一番開導使得作者受益匪淺,並對她以後的工作産生了深遠影響。

 

 

                                      (B

 

Geographers are interested in the spatial patterns observed on earth.

Bridging the natural and social sciences, Geography is the interdisciplinary

study of environments and how people interact with the environment. It

is important to study geography because many of the world's problems

require understanding the interdependence between human activities and

the environment. Geography is therefore a beneficial major for students

because its theories and methods provide them with analytical skills relevant

 to occupations focused on solving social and environmental problems.

The Department of Geography offers eight majors that help students tailor

 their focus of study.

 

        The Geography - Globalization and Development major will provide students

with a sophisticated understanding of contemporary global issues and a geographical

framework for analyzing key issues involved in national and international development,

 especially as it relates to the global south. Reflecting the discipline of geography as a

 whole, this major emphasizes an integrated approach to studying the relationship of

global change to individual and community well-being by combining the benefits of

area studies with theoretical and topical investigations in the curriculum.


       Our department is committed to excellence in both teaching and advising. Several

of our faculty members have received teaching awards, and we are known across campus

for the quality of our advising. As a geography major, you will meet one-on-one with

your faculty advisor every semester during advising week, and you are always welcome

to talk with your advisor at any time throughout the semester whenever questions may

 arise. In addition to advising our students about their academic programs, we provide

timely information about internships, nationally competitive awards and other opportunities

 as they arise. Many of our students complete internships and several of our students over

 the last few years have received nationally competitive awards.


       For more information about our program, please view this video, visit our website, or

contact our Undergraduate Chair, whose information is listed above.


      With a liberal arts degree in Geography-Globalization and Development, students are

prepared for employment in a variety of fields, including non-profit and government work,

particularly in the areas of community and international development. This degree will also

prepare students well to work in the private sector in an international context. Graduates

from this program will also be well situated to continue on to graduate school or law school,

 with research and professional interest in academic fields, including, but not limited to, ge-

ography, public affairs and policy, development studies, and community and regional planning.


       Browse through dozens of internship opportunities and full-time job postings for Ohio

University students and alumni on Bobcat CareerLink. OHIO's key resource for researching

 jobs, employers, workshops, and professional development events.

 

本文來自外刊,俄亥俄大學官網,網址爲htps://www.ohio.edu/majors/undergrad/programs.cfm?

programID=14588

 

 

點評:

 

       文章第一段介紹了地理學的重要性,然後闡述了地理專業的優勢。本大學的地理學院給學生提供八

大專業。第二段講到這個專業的學習會培養學生綜合分析能力,能夠對全球事務和地理構架有更加深刻

的理解。第三段著重強調該大學地理學院的教學和導師咨詢服務。該大學師資一流,非常用心培養學生。

除此之外,大學提供不錯的實習機會。第四段提供了獲取更多信息的渠道。第五段告知學生這個大學的

地理專業將會培養具有國際視野的學生,學生畢業後可以從事國際背景下的很多行業。最後一段提供了

尋找實習機會和全職工作的渠道和資源。

         總體而言,作爲B篇,本篇難度不大,主要考查細節和推理題。且很符合高三黨目前的情況--升大

學,選專業環節~

 

                                   (C

 目前暫未找到可靠題目

Section C

Directions: Read the following passage. Fill in each blank with a proper sentence given in the box. Each

sentence can be used only once. Note that there are two more sentences than you need.

(學生回憶版)       

 

The psychology of being a sports fan(節選)

Our research has shown that the No. 1 reason people become fans is that its your

connection to your first community,’’ said Adam Earnhardt, chairman of the com-

munications department at Youngstown State University and co-author of Sports

Fans, Identity and Socialization: Exploring the Fandemonium.

I dont care if a Seattle fan moves to China, he or she carries with them their love

 for the sports teams, he said. That identity is first and foremost.

In that sense, your favorite team can serve the same purpose as church and family:

Fostering a sense of belonging. And when a team begins to catch fire, as with, say,

the Mariners in 95 or the Seahawks of recent vintage, well, its easy to get swept

up in the wave.

Euphoria is contagious, as is tragedy,’’ said Long Island-based sports psycholo

gist Richard Lustberg. Its very difficult in a relatively small town not to get

caught up in the euphoria. My best guess is if youre not caught up in Seahawks

 mania, youre out of step. Its almost like theres peer pressure to be part of it.

Theres a universal need to belong,’’ added Christian End, associate professor

 of psychology at Xavier University and longtime researcher of fan behavior. Its

almost to the point if youre not identifying with the team, people are thinking,

Whats up with you? Youre violating the norm.

Victories and losses, though not necessarily relevant to the far-reaching impact

of fandom, can have profound immediate effect, not always positive. Studies have

 linked reckless driving, heart attacks and domestic violence to the outcome of

sporting events.

According to a 2013 study published in Psychological Science, fans were found

to eat healthier when their team won. Two researchers at INSEAD Business School

compared outcomes from two seasons worth of NFL games with food consumption

 in more than two dozen cities. They found that people in cities with a losing

football team ate about 16 percent more saturated fat on Monday compared to

their usual consumption. And people in winning cities ate about 9percent less

saturated fats trends that held true even when non-football fans were included

in the sample.

Those results were replicated in a study of French sports fans, leading the researchers

 to hypothesize that people feel an identity threat when their favorite team loses and

 are more likely to use eating as a coping mechanism.

When your team loses, its like you lose a part of yourself, because your identity

 is so merged with the identity of the team and the fan community,’’ lead rese-

archer Yann Cornil said by phone from Singapore. Sports in the U.S. makes such

a difference in peoples lives, a loss can be distressing and result in binge eating.

A famous study by Paul Bernhardt at Georgia State University in 1998 showed that

 male spectators of sporting events experience the same testosterone surges as the

 players themselves an increase of about 20 percent by fans of winning teams,

and a similar decrease in losing fans.

Scientists have also noted what are called mirror neurons in our brains, activ-

ated not just by participation in sports, but by watching others participate. These

findings help explain the profound sense of vicarious connection to athletes.(試卷

中可能已刪除)

Its phenomenal,’’ said Simons. We have this ability to understand other

people so remarkably that their victories literally become ours. Our testosterone

literally responds to their victory. The more we follow a team, the deeper the bond

becomes. Theyre us, and competing on a literal level as us a little extension of

 us.

Professor Robert Cialdini at Arizona State University came up with the term BIRG 

Basking In Reflected Glory to describe the intense pride fans feel when their

teams succeed. It can be used as a verb, as in, Seahawks fans are currently

BIRGing up a storm.

The counterpoint, as coined by researchers C.R. Snyder, MaryAnne Lassergard

and Carol E. Ford, is the concept of CORFing Cutting Off Reflected Failure.

This refers to the inclination by fans to distance themselves from their team

after a defeat. Weve all heard it in action: We won, but they lost.

This leads into another concept, that of cognitive bias, also known as confirmation

bias, which causes fans to help explain away defeats by blaming outside factors,

 such as referees. Im sure it would also help explain why Seahawks fans rallied

 around Richard Sherman after his postgame interview, rationalizing behavior

that was widely criticized by many fans with no vested interest.

It could also explain the notion of eustress, invented by endocrinologist Hans

 Selye to refer to a combination of euphoria and stress, such as that resulting from

watching tense sporting events. Indeed, its much of the appeal.

來源:https://www.seattletimes.com/sports/the -psychology-of-being-a-sports-fan/

 

點評:

 

這篇文章選自《西雅圖時報》,是該報的專欄作家Larry Stone2014215號刊登,名爲

《作爲一名體育迷的心理》。這篇文章用心理學的方法分析了一個非常常見的心理,比較學術,

我們平時在閱讀的過程中這些偏專業領域的文章也是我們考查的重點。

文章開頭開門見山的告訴了我們一個粉絲成爲一個隊伍的粉絲的第一原因就是他會與隊伍之間

建立心理連接,這就很像宗教或者是家庭,都會在彼此之間建立非常深厚的歸屬感。

被刪去部分的開頭先告訴我們極度的興奮是有傳染性的,當別人都感到極度興奮的時候,你會出

于尋求歸屬感而同樣的感同深受,而歸屬感是人們所共需的情感。

而後面被刪去的大量篇幅是通過大量的舉例從各個側面告訴我們這種心理的普遍性以及對于我們

日常生活的影響,比如你喜歡的隊伍贏了比賽的話你會吃得更健康,而反之輸掉的可能會化悲憤

爲食欲,所愛的隊伍輸了對于粉絲的影響是非常巨大的,甚至于球迷的睾酮素水平以及大腦的運

作方式都會被此左右。

文章接下來給我們解釋了2個心理學概念 BIRG  Basking In Reflected Glory,以及CORFing

Cutting Off Reflected Failure。既然我們的心境受到所喜愛隊伍的影響如此之大,所以我們

的內心會有一些自我保衛機制,贏了會更加的開心,而輸了會從心底疏遠與這個隊伍的聯系。

而文章最後借此作者引申了兩個更加學術的概念cognitive bias, also known as confirmation

bias認知偏見,也就是隊伍輸了球迷總喜歡找外部原因比如裁判吹黑哨;還有一個概念叫eustress

積極壓力,euphoria是這篇文章的一個高頻詞,CK有一款香水就叫euphoria,寓意著極度的快樂。

 

IV. Summary Writing

Directions: Read the following passage. Summarize the main idea and the main point(s) of the passage

in no more than 60 words. Use your own words as far as possible.

(學生回憶版)      

 

It's undeniable: Being among the first to try out a new piece of technology is cool.

Theres the the thrill of doing what has never been done before the feeling that

youre living in the future. And when youre the sole member of your social circle

with the latest hot gadget, people stare in fascination. They ask you questions. They

 see you as the holder of powerful, secret knowledge for a little while, until the next

big thing comes along. People tend to underestimate the costs of this temporary

coolness, which they pay in more ways than one. Dont fall into the early adopter

trap. Dont join the first wave of consumers who invest in the latest media-hyped

 hardware; instead, wait and see.

 

First, the earliest versions of devices are not only expensive, they are also the most

expensive that those devices will ever be. Companies are presumably attempting to

recover the cost of production as fast as they can, and they know that there are serious

tech-lovers who will pay a great deal to be first. Once the revenues from early adopters

 purchases are safely in their hands, they can cut the price and shift to the next marke-

ting phase: selling the product to everyone else. This is why the cost of the original

iPhone dropped about US $200 only eight months after its release.

 

Speaking of becoming obsolete, those who are first to leap into a new technology risk

 wasting money and time on something that will never catch on. Do you remember high-

definition DVDs (HD DVDs)? Neither do a lot of people. In 2006, two competing formats

for high-definition video entered the market: HD DVDs and Blueray discs. Both seemed

promising, and both required players costing hundreds of US dollars. Cautious consumers

 decided to stay neutralrealizing that one or the other would probably end up dominating

and it was difficult to say which. But a few eager consumers rolled the dice and bought an

HD DVD player that soon became virtually worthless. For reasons that are not entirely clear-

Blu-ray has no obvious technological advantage over its rival-the HD DVD format lost. Sales

 dropped steadily, and in early 2008 HD DVD players were discontinued. Many new products

are similarly doomed to never make it; the early adopters are then stuck with pricey gadgets

that do nothing but sit on their shelves collecting dust. And as the story of HD DVD shows,

which products survive may be quite arbitrary, so even the most knowledgeable among us

 can be taken by surprise.

 

Another good reason to resist the early-adoption temptation is that the first version of a

product typically has defects that cost a lot in time and frustration. For example, when

Microsoft's latest game console, Xbox One, was released in 2013, users immediately began

to complain of problems. Some of them were malfunctions of the motion sensor, while

others involved users being unable to get their machines online. Dedicated gamers worked

to find and share work-around solutions to these issues. Such problems are so common

with new technology that early adopters are basically unpaid beta testers and troubleshooters.

 

Unless this sounds to you like a fun way to spend your time, don t be among the first users.

If you wait to learn what the problems are with a new electronic gadget, you can look forward

to a smoother experience-or choose a less troublesome product.

 

點評:

 

本篇文章爲一篇結構較爲典型的議論文,可采用“開頭重首尾,中段抓首句,終段整合”的方式進行概括。

Being among the first to try out a new piece of technology is cool.” 與 “instead, wait and

see”,文章首段部分一首一尾兩點闡述了作者的核心觀點——成爲一項新技術的嘗試者存在一些風險。

二至四段部分就嘗試新技術具有的風險性的原因進行了詳盡的敘述,三段的段首首句“First, the earliest

versions of devices are not only expensive, they are also the most expensive that those devices

 will ever be.” “Speaking of becoming obsolete, those who are first to leap into a new techn-

ology risk wasting money and time on something that will never catch on.” “Another good

reason to resist the early-adoption temptation is that the first version of a product typically

has defects that cost a lot in time and frustration.”分別提及了三點:1)産品價格昂貴;2)存在

浪費金錢的風險;3)産品本身存在缺陷。

結尾的第五段則再次點明作者所持有的觀點,首尾呼應,通過條件狀語從句表明成爲首批使用者的不利之處。

SW概括時,需注意總分總結構形式的句子設置,此外,中段部分的三點原因可以通過比較常用的邏輯詞

彙,比如“first, second……”等進行串聯,首尾兩句要注意概述性,不要過于啰嗦。

 

 

V. Translation

Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets.

1.爺爺有點耳背, 對他耐心一點!  (patient) 

2. 與他學生時代相比,那位士兵簡直判若兩人!  (How)

3. 隨著體力逐漸恢複正常, 那位業余自行車手的奪冠夢想不再遙不可及。normal

4. 值得一提的是, 在王老師的影響下, 他的同事們更關注孩子們的努力,而不是他們的成績。 (asas)

 

答案參考:

 

1.Grandpa has some hearing problems, so we should be patient with him.

Since grandpa has some trouble hearing well, be patient with him.

2. How quite different the soldier is from himself in school days!

3. As the amateur cyclist's physical strength gradually becomes normal, his dream of being the

champion is no longer distant/ out of reach/beyond his reach.

4. What is worth mentioning is that under the influence of Teacher Wang, his colleagues dont

pay as much attention to scores/results as to students efforts.

 

 

點評:

 

同學們在做翻譯時需要從句型、詞組表達和語法准確三個層面精准把握。句型方面:第一題 前後半句的邏輯關系

判斷出來後可以翻譯爲since引導的原因狀語從句;第三題則可譯爲as引導的狀語從句,表示“隨著”的含義;第

四題則考到了名詞性從句中的主語從句和表語從句的。表達方面:be patient with beyond ones reach

常見表達比較基礎,都需要同學們平時積累。語法上要注意檢查時態語態、主謂一致和句子完整的問題。

 

 

 

VI. Guided Writing 

Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese.

(學生回憶版)

李敏在雜志上看到關于古城的介紹,門票本國遊客5美元,外國遊客15美元,他對此感悟很深,請以李敏的口吻給

編輯寫一封信要求:

1.介紹下雜志上看到的內容

2.提出自己的看法。

 

昂立老師範文

 

Dear editors,

I have seen the detailed introduction to XX Ancient City from your magazine. What impresses me

 most is the fact that the admission ticket charges domestic visitors $5, while the price goes up to

$15 for inbound tourists. Actually, this is not an isolated case. Many scenic spots have adopted

similar differential pricing schemes.

  So far as Im concerned, such strategy, in the long term, might not bring about continued and

steady increase in profits as they expected, but rather, some negative effects will most probably

arise.

  Firstly, it is self-evident that tourism economy largely depends on word-of-mouth recommendation.

What else might incur more criticism than being judged unfairly since the very beginning? Instead,

a memorable visiting experience should involve high quality services, such as admission, food and

souvenirs, among which, respect for all comes first.

  Secondly, while many have justified this differential pricing strategy, it is a clear violation against

Tourism Ticket Price Management Law issued nearly two decades ago. The law obviously stipulated

 that tourist attractions should not distinguish between domestic and foreign tourists, which, again,

 reminds us of the essence of fair dealing.

Thirdlydifferentiating admission price may not necessarily be the best choice in mining tourists

consumption. Take West Lake for example. By opening West Lake for free in 2003, Hangzhou has

attracted thousands of visitors from home and abroad, generating an income of tens of millions

RMB per year in tourism alone.

  All in all, the management of tourist resorts requires more courage and wisdom. It is strongly reco-

mmended that XX Ancient City should treat visitors equally in admission price. And we are all looking

forward to a healthier development of the tourism industry in China.

                                                     Yours,

                                                     Li

簡評:

 

縱觀2017-2019年上海高考英語作文題目,一個非常明顯的趨勢是越來越接地氣,並且經常會結合實事,注重考查學生

們的對某現象思辨能力,借此鍛煉學生們的獨立思考能力。本次2019年秋考英語作文題目,與在5月份舉行的昂立外語高

考模考英語作文的出卷意圖不謀而合。

  與時事相關的議論文如何寫?第一,注意題目要求,要求中的內容都要涵蓋到。所以,架構可以這樣安排:第一部分,

先簡要介紹時事現象;第二部分開始就要表明自己的觀點,要麽黑、要麽白,不存在不黑不白的中間地帶,然後展開分

析爲何持有此觀點;第三部分,總結,如果能點題更佳。

  所以,本篇範文的結構也與此類似。第一部分,講同票不同價的現象並非個案。第二部分,點明自己的觀點­——不贊

成這種做法。然後展開陳述原因:1.會給外國遊客留下不好的印象,並從宏觀角度,談到旅遊經濟靠口碑,不能因小利

而失大義;2.違反相關法規,服務至上,遊客人人平等;3.舉例說明(杭州西湖)分級票價未必是謀利的最佳方式,可

以包容並蓄。第三部分總結,指出分級票價不合理,建議一視同仁;並期望看到中國旅遊行業的良性發展。

  同學們也可以從此次高考作文中管中窺豹,從現在起,多多關注身邊的熱點新聞,做一個平時愛思考、勤整理勤收集

勤動筆的熱血青年!

 

更多學習內容,請關注昂立教育:http://www.arakfilm.com/

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